Python support

Kibitzr check accepts Python code in 4 places:

  • Script (fetcher)
  • Browser automation scenario
  • Transform
  • Notify

Here is a simplistic example of kibitzr.yml file, that uses all three:

checks:
  - name: Python example
    script:
       python: |
                content = "\n".join([str(x**2) for x in range(1, 4)])
    transform:
          - python: content = " ".join(reversed(content.splitlines()))
    notify:
          - python: print(content)

Once executed with debug log level it will generate following output:

$ kibitzr -l debug once
2017-04-22 10:47:04,401 [DEBUG] kibitzr.conf: Loading settings from /home/kibitzr/kibitzr.yml
2017-04-22 10:47:04,404 [DEBUG] kibitzr.conf: Loading credentials from /home/kibitzr/kibitzr-creds.yml
2017-04-22 10:47:04,406 [INFO] kibitzr.checker: Fetching 'Python example' using script
2017-04-22 10:47:04,406 [INFO] kibitzr.fetcher.script: Fetch using Python script
2017-04-22 10:47:04,406 [DEBUG] kibitzr.fetcher.script: content = "\n".join([str(x**2) for x in range(1, 4)])

2017-04-22 10:47:04,406 [INFO] kibitzr.transformer: Python transform
2017-04-22 10:47:04,406 [DEBUG] kibitzr.transformer: content = " ".join(reversed(content.splitlines()))
2017-04-22 10:47:04,407 [DEBUG] kibitzr.checker: Sending report: u'9 4 1'
2017-04-22 10:47:04,407 [INFO] kibitzr.notifier.custom: Executing custom notifier
2017-04-22 10:47:04,407 [DEBUG] kibitzr.notifier.custom: print(content)
9 4 1

Let’s break it down.

Python Fetcher

To fetch content with a script instead of URL, check must have no url key, and have script defined. If script‘s value is a string, it will be used as bash script. Alternatively script can hold a dictionary of one item. Item’s key can be bash or python. If script‘s only key is python, then it’s value will be executed as a Python script. Script is an arbitrary Python code with few constraints:

  1. Script can define ok boolean variable, which is either True or False. When ok is True it means that content was fetched without errors. When ok is False, content should hold error message. By default ok is True.
  2. Script must define content string variable. content will be passed to through transform list to notify list.
  3. Script has access to check’s configuration in conf global variable and credentials dictionary in creds.

If fetching script raises an exception, the fetcher will return ok=False and content will contain full traceback.

Browser Automation Scenario

Kibitzr allows writing browser automation scenarios using Selenium library. Scenario is an arbitrary Python code, which is executed after page is loaded in the browser. Scenario has access to following global variables:

  1. Check’s configuration in conf global variable.
  2. Credentials dictionary in creds.
  3. Selenium driver in driver

Example scenario that authenticates in online account of Bank of America:

checks:
  - name: BofA
    url: https://www.bankofamerica.com/
    scenario: |
        login = driver.find_element_by_id("onlineId1")
        login.send_keys(creds['bofa']['login'])
        password = driver.find_element_by_id("passcode1")
        password.send_keys(creds['bofa']['password'])
        button = driver.find_element_by_id("hp-sign-in-btn")
        button.click()

Using Selenium is an advanced topic on it’s own with a plenty of documentation and many pitfalls.

Python Transform

Python transform is similar to Python fetcher with one difference. It accepts content variable and it puts transformed result in the same content variable.

transform:
  - python: |
      content = content.replace("election", "eating contest")

Python Notifier

Python notify is similar to Python fetcher with one difference. It does not return anything.

Troubleshooting

To put break point inside Python code, just add following line:

import pdb; pdb.set_trace()

It will stop Kibitzr execution and start Pdb session. You will have access to all variables and full execution Stack. However, Pdb won’t show current line of code, which is not convenient, but manageable, since you know exactly where break point stands.